Fiscal and Monetary Policy Dilemma in Pakistan to Support Economic Growth
Keywords:Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Economic growth
Monetary and fiscal policy are both macroeconomic instruments used to govern and have a large impact on a country's economy, businesses, production and consumption. The objective of the study is to evaluate the comparative analysis of fiscal and monetary policy in Pakistan. For this purpose, an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model was used, which showed the significant impact of monetary and fiscal policy on enhancing economic growth. Data was obtained from World Development Indicator (WDI) from 1990 to 2020. In this study, two models have been estimated using the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a dependent variable and Development Expenditures, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Labor Force Participation, Corruption, Total Tax, Trade openness, Broad Money (M2), Governmental Consumption Expenditure as independent variables. The results showed that monetary policy positively impacts Pakistan’s economy. Also, the study found that fiscal policy affects Pakistan’s economy positively. But the study reveals that monetary policy is more powerful in promoting economic growth in Pakistan. So, we will suggest that promoting the monetary policy in the banking sector would provide a suitable investment atmosphere through the maintenance of inflationary rates, interest rates, and lending rates to endorse and confirm economic growth, sustainability, solidity, and progress in Pakistan.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Mariam Abbas Soharwardi, Javeria Sarwar, Muhammad Imran Khan, Mariam Miraj
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.