Analysis of Adoption and Implementation of International Educational Standers in Primary Schools: A Case Study of Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


  • Muhammad Ibrahim khan Departments of Sociology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Nouman Khan Department of Psychology, Lahore Lead University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shakir Ullah Departments of Social work University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Aziz Ullah Department of Psychology, Lahore Lead University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Khan Bahadar Department of Sociology, Islamic International University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan



Analysis, Adoption, Educational standards, Methodology, Quantitative, Uni-variate


Education is a cornerstone of societal progress, and the adoption and implementation of international educational standards play a pivotal role in shaping the quality and effectiveness of primary education systems worldwide. This research presents a comprehensive case study that scrutinizes adopting and implementing international educational standards within primary schools in the Dir Lower district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study seeks to unravel the intricate dynamics that influence how global educational standards are integrated into the local educational landscape. Methodological concerns: this study utilized quantitative research methodology to incorporate the opinion of primary school teacher regarding international educational standards and their availability in the study locale. In addition, the study utilized the values of a simple random sampling technique and size 326 potential respondents through the Sekaran sample table out of 3243. Furthermore, the study collected primary data through a close-ended questionnaire and then analyzed with uni-variate, e.g., frequency and percentage, and bi-variate T-Test in order to measure the relationship between independent and dependent variables. The findings of this study reveal several significant outcomes. First, it is evident that there has been a notable effort to align the curriculum and teaching methodologies with international educational standards. However, the level of implementation varies across schools and regions within Dir Lower, suggesting disparities in the quality of education provided. Second, challenges such as inadequate infrastructure, lack of teacher training, and socio-economic disparities have emerged as barriers to the effective implementation of these standards. In light of these findings, this research offers several recommendations. Firstly, there is a need for increased investment in infrastructure and teacher training programs to bridge the existing gaps in the education system. Additionally, a more standardized approach to curriculum development and teaching methodologies should be adopted to ensure uniformity across schools in Dir Lower. Furthermore, community involvement and awareness campaigns should be initiated to garner support and participation from parents and local communities.




How to Cite

khan, M. I., Khan, N., Ullah, S., Ullah, A., & Bahadar, K. (2023). Analysis of Adoption and Implementation of International Educational Standers in Primary Schools: A Case Study of Dir Lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Journal of Education and Social Studies, 4(3), 499–507.



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