Journal of Education and Social Studies <p>Journal of Education and Social Studies (JESS) is an open access double blind peer reviewed online journal published by Science Impact Publishers. This journal aims to provide an opportunity and a forum to communicate relevant and current issues in the area of education and social sciences. The vast scope of the journal includes all subjects of education, sociology, psychology, journalism, law, human resource management, anthropology, economics, political science, population studies, international relations, religious studies, linguistics and history.</p> en-US (Managing Editor: Dr. Allah Bakhsh) (Iqbal Javed) Tue, 06 Feb 2024 10:41:14 +0000 OJS 60 Effectiveness of Using the Web-Quest Technique to Improve Students’ Reading Comprehension Skills in An ESL Classroom <p class="006-JESS-Abstract" style="text-align: left;" align="left"><span lang="EN-GB">The place of technological resources in the classroom can never be denied in the present globalized era. Integrating technology in ESL classes affects the creativity, curricular attitude, appropriateness, and interest of the learners in the learning environment. In this regard, action research was carried out in order to solve the problem of weak comprehension skills of the EFL learners of Grade 10. The problem was identified through pre-observations of the indicators. In order to overcome the identified problem, a tool was designed in the form of a pre-posttest. After the completion of the data collection, the researcher analyzed the quantitative and qualitative data that were recorded through pre-posttest and focused group discussion respectively. For the quantitative data, the researcher used SPSS to find out the statistical differences between the reading scores of the participants in the pre-posttest. The mean scores of the pre-posttest were compared which exhibited that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the participants in their reading comprehension before and after the implementation of the Web-Quest technique. Moreover, a thematic analysis of the Qualitative data was made. The results of the study proved that there was a significant effect of using the Web-Quest technique to improve the reading comprehension skills of the participants.</span></p> Maria Mukhtar, Farhana Khurshid Copyright (c) 2024 Maria Mukhtar, Farhana Khurshid Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Enhancement of Undergraduate Students' Consciousness about Multicultural Identity <p>The perspective of multicultural identity enables an individual to acknowledge and respect the prevailing diverse identities individually and socially. This particular approach provides liberty and acceptance towards unique individuals around us. As a practicing community, respect for one's originality and openness towards diverse practices need to be promoted for peace and harmony in any society. This research study aims to enhance the consciousness about multicultural identity through mixed method research, qualitative followed by quantitative research with an experimental intervention. Semantic content analysis of the curriculum of Pakistan Studies designed by HEC enlightened the researcher about existing gaps between the outline and recommended topics and sub-topics in the outline. Triangulation has been performed through focused group discussion to ensure the results and actual influence of the introduced phenomena on the Undergraduate students of B.Ed. (Hons) II (N=46). The findings clearly illustrate the significance of the pretest and posttest results of gender identity and psycho-social identity with effect sizes of r= 0.59 and 0.44, respectively. The research study suggested inculcating the phenomena of multicultural identity at the national level through policymakers and curriculum developers and practiced at the institutional level in educational settings to promote healthy and well-rounded individuals and progressive society.</p> Hina Rashid Copyright (c) 2024 Hina Rashid Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Student Achievement Spectrum: Investigating Pedagogical Diversity and Teacher Methodology Perceptions <p class="006-JESS-Abstract" style="text-align: left;" align="left"><span lang="EN-GB">The study examined the relationship between teachers' teaching methods and the academic performance of 150 undergraduate and Master's students from various fields of study. It contains a structural sample strategy to ensure the inclusion of individuals from various fields. A quantitative research methodology was used to administer a structured survey questionnaire, which was designed through a systematic literature review, in order to analyze students' diverse perspectives on teaching methods, academic performance, and demographic information. The independent variables consisted of perceptions of Teaching Methodologies and different pedagogical approaches, whereas the academic performance of students was the dependent variable. The statistical studies performed using SPSS software encompassed descriptive, regression, and factor analyses, revealing the connections between teaching approaches and academic success. The results emphasized the crucial significance of interactive, learner-focused instructional approaches in promoting enhanced academic performance. The active participation of students and the use of diverse teaching methods had a substantial impact on student achievement, emphasizing the importance of flexible instructional strategies. Nevertheless, traditional teacher-centered approaches demonstrated restricted influence. Although this study has limitations in terms of sample size and reliance on self-reported data, it highlights the need for an adaptable educational approach that incorporates evolving teaching methods to improve student outcomes. The research provides useful insights into effective pedagogical methods, advocating for a versatile and learner-centered educational environment. The study highlights the need for a better understanding of teaching methods' impact on academic performance to improve educational outcomes, resource allocation, curriculum development, and policy formulation.</span></p> Mukaram Azhar, Ms Sumeera, Ghulam Mustafa Shaikh, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhsin Khan, Rabil Hadi Copyright (c) 2024 Mukaram Azhar, Ms Sumeera, Ghulam Mustafa Shaikh, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhsin Khan, Rabil Hadi Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Shaping the Future of Education at Higher Secondary Level <p class="006-JESS-Abstract" style="text-align: left;" align="left"><span lang="EN-GB">This study examines the implications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in enhancing educational methodologies at the higher secondary level, focusing on its impact on student engagement and learning outcomes, the experiences and challenges faced by educators in integrating AI tools, and the broader ethical and privacy considerations. Utilizing a qualitative methodology based on interviews with educators and students, the research aims to explore the nuanced perspectives on the role of AI in education, identifying both the potential benefits and drawbacks. Initial findings highlight the positive effects of AI on personalized learning experiences alongside significant challenges related to resource limitations and the need for comprehensive support for educators. Moreover, concerns about ethical implications and data privacy emerge as critical issues requiring careful management. The study concludes that while AI offers transformative potential for educational practices, ensuring effective integration, addressing ethical concerns, and preparing students for future technological challenges is essential for leveraging AI's full benefits in the educational sector.</span></p> Muhammad Azeem Sarwar, Ms Saima, Afshan Gul Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Azeem Sarwar, Ms Saima, Afshan Gul Wed, 21 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Jinnah's Vision for Minorities in Pakistan: A Critical Analysis <p>This research article explores the role and vision of Mr. Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan, in shaping the relationship between the nation and its diverse minority communities. This study is to examine the impact of Mr. Jinnah's leadership on minority communities during the partition and in the early years of Pakistan. It also explores his efforts to promote religious harmony and minority rights. Mr. Jinnah's leadership and his commitment to creating a democratic and inclusive Pakistan provide valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities associated with nation-building, religious and cultural pluralism, and the protection of minority rights. This study examines the historical context, Jinnah's political philosophy, and the measures he took to safeguard the rights and well-being of religious minorities in Pakistan.</p> Ishfaq Naveed, Tasleem Raza Copyright (c) 2024 Ishfaq Naveed, Tasleem Raza Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of ChatGPT on Language Evolution: A Linguistic Analysis <p class="006-JESS-Abstract" style="text-align: left;" align="left"><span lang="EN-GB">This research sought to identify changes in terms of word choice, sentence structure, and semantics introduced by ChatGPT and how the functionality of ChatGPT impacts the pragmatics of the English language: politeness, deixis, and discourse markers. This study used corpus analysis as part of the methodology involving Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for part-of-speech tagging and sentiments, analyzing changes in wordings, syntaxes, and semantic elements generated by ChatGPT as an advanced language modal. A qualitative approach, including user surveys and comparative analysis, proved useful in clarifying the changing patterns of politeness, deixis, and discourse markers in AI-supported communication. Henceforth, ChatGPT generates neologism, unique cultural references, verbal contextual adaptations, and a wide range of technical terms. Moreover, the researchers found that user preferences for communication mediums vary, which showed a complex field of users and their expectations in the context of language generated by ChatGPT. Thus, it was observed that ChatGPT contributes significantly to developing the pragmatic aspects of language use in the modern era. Hence, the study proposes that the ChatGPT polishes the usage of politeness terms and improves its deixis along with formal discourse markers. This highlights the need for continuous improvement, especially in areas such as politeness, deixis management, and integration of discourse markers for the developers.</span></p> Hina Rafique, Imran Nazeer, Jawaria Rehman Copyright (c) 2024 Hina Rafique, Imran Nazeer, Jawaria Rehman Fri, 23 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000