Assessing the Economic Impact of Tanneries’ Pollutants in Pakistan


  • Abdul Rehman Nawaz School of Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and Administrative Sciences. University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Usama Anwar School of Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and Administrative Sciences. University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shafique Ahmad School of Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and Administrative Sciences. University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan



Agriculture, Chromium, Effluents, Industry, Leather, Pollution


The leather industry, which is dubbed "Noxious" around the world, is an essential element of Kasur's industrial heritage. Hundreds of individuals in Kasur are directly or indirectly involved in the tanning of leather. The study's goal is to determine the effects of the environmental deterioration caused by tanneries on the economic lives of Kasur residents. Crop output declines due to the detrimental impacts of waste emissions on the surrounding soil, posing economic hazards.  The three most polluted areas of Kasur have been identified, and data from the study area is collected through In-depth Interviews from 30 potential respondents in those areas. The convenience sampling technique has been applied, while the Mix-method approach (qualitative and quantitative) is used for the analysis. It is found that toxic pollutants of tanneries have profound adverse effects on the animals’ health such as cattle, poultry, fisheries, and adverse effects have been found on the production of meat and milk. The study suggests that the dangers of chemicals have a negative impact on those who live near chemical plants, both physically and economically. It proposes relocating industries away from residential areas.


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How to Cite

Nawaz, A. R., Anwar, U. and Ahmad, S. (2021) “ Assessing the Economic Impact of Tanneries’ Pollutants in Pakistan”, Journal of Economic Impact, 3(2), pp. 98–106. doi: 10.52223/jei30221035.



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