Determinants of Livestock Herd Size in Mixed Cropping Zone of Punjab-Pakistan
Keywords:Cross-sectional data, Regression, Herd size, Mixed cropping zone, Punjab
Pakistan is considered as an agricultural country dominated by smallholder farmers. The size of the land, livestock, and labor force have paramount importance for the livelihood of resource-poor farmers. The present study was designed to determine the factors affecting the size of the livestock, i.e., the flock size of large ruminant buffaloes and cows. A cross-sectional data set collected randomly from 150 respondents from three districts of the mixed cropping zone of Central Punjab was used to address the study's objectives. Regression estimates revealed that family labor for attending animals, length of lactation, total healthcare expenditures, small land holding, and the geographic district factors significantly affected the herd size of buffaloes and cows. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the implementation of health care systems is one of the crucial factors in building the herd size, mainly through reducing mortality rates, improving the length of lactation, and other aspects of animal well-being. Similarly, the benefits of government livestock policies should reach the grassroot level to retain and use domestic family labor, not as a norm but to engage in the livestock sector for earning their incomes.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Rashed Saeed, Muhammad Asif Kamran, Muhammad Qasim, Sobia Naheed, Irfan Mahmood
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.