The Role of Women Education in Economic Growth: An Evidence from Pakistan


  • Kiran Zahra School Education Department, Government of Punjab, Pakistan
  • Khalida Parveen Faculty of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
  • Muhammad Tanveer Khaliq Punjab Bureau of Statistics, Planning and Development Board, Government of the Punjab, Pakistan


Female higher education, Economic growth, Education expenditures, Female literacy rate


Education is the most fundamental right in the current situation and it is essential element of economic growth. No country can achieve economic development and goals without investing in education. The Pakistan’s economic development is possible only when education is equal for both men and women because female is 49% of the total population but the government did not give importance to the sector as it deserved. This study investigates the determinants of female higher education in Pakistan and impact of women education on economic growth of Pakistan. This study utilized time series data from 1991 to 2019. Autoregressive distribution model (ARDL) is applied to estimate the impact. The result shows that in Pakistan education expenditure has no any positive impact on female education while a positive relationship between female higher education and GDP growth exists but this relation is not strong in short run and long run as well. It is recommended that government should rethink about the education policy to make it more effective.


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How to Cite

Zahra, K., Parveen, K. and Khaliq, M. T. (2021) “The Role of Women Education in Economic Growth: An Evidence from Pakistan”, Journal of Economic Impact, 3(2). Available at: (Accessed: 26July2021).
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